Banking is one of the most complex areas of modern economies. Flawed understanding, mismanagement, and bad regulation of banks have caused the Great Financial Crisis of 2007-2010 and the worst economic crisis in Europe in decades. This course will shed some light on the theory of banking and recent empirical insights into the functioning of banks. Starting from a thorough discussion of basic conceptual frameworks it will discuss elements of shadow banking, financial stability, and bank regulation.
The course provides an introduction to the conceptual foundations of banking and explores the workings of banks in modern economies, by looking at problems of credit intermediation, liquidity provision, maturity transformation, relationship lending, and bank competition. These classic themes were all present in the Great Financial Crisis, and we study some of their implications in the context of securitisation, repo markets, and shadow banking more generally. We will look specifically at the roots of the European debt crisis that started in 2009.
At the end of this course you will:
Appreciate the complexity of banking in its various guises
Understand some of the problems that caused the financial crises of the past decade
Have acquired some tools for designing sensible banking regulation