Online seminar – What is the bank business model today?
Banks are under siege because of persistently low interest rates, damaged reputation and, some segments still with, at times legacy assets from the crisis, increased regulatory burden and compliance costs, and the need to restructure to face digital disruption as well as new entrants. The result is low profitability in many jurisdictions, and in particular in Europe and Japan. We will examine, taking stock of the theoretical and empirical literature, how disruptive forces affect traditional banking functions, and what to expect in the future restructuring of banking. We will focus on the impact of FinTech and BigTech competitors, the role of data, the introduction of digital currencies, and the possible emergence of new dominant players. We will sum up with implications for the strategies of the players, and the challenges faced by regulators in fostering innovation while maintaining financial stability.
Xavier Vives is professor of Economics and Finance, Abertis Chair of Regulation, Competition and Public Policy, and academic director of the Public-Private Research Center at IESE Business School. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from UC Berkeley. He is Research Fellow of CESifo, and was member of its European Economic Advisory Group from 2001 to 2011. Research Fellow of the Center for Economic Policy Research, where he served as Director of the Industrial Organization Program in 1991-1997. Fellow of the Econometric Society since 1992 and elected member of its Council in 2006-2008; of the European Economic Association since 2004 and elected member of its Council 1991-1995; and Research Associate of the European Corporate Governance Institute. He was member of the Advisory Board for Economic Recovery of the Government of Catalonia (2011-2015), and from 2011 to 2014 he was Special Advisor to the Vicepresident of the European Commission and Commissioner for Competition, Mr Joaquín Almunia. President of the Spanish Economic Association in 2008, Duisenberg Fellow of the European Central Bank in 2015, and President of EARIE for 2016-18. From 2001 to 2005 he was Professor of Economics and Finance and The Portuguese Council Chaired Professor of European Studies at INSEAD, and from 1991 to 2001, Director of the Institut d’Anàlisi Econòmica, CSIC. He has taught at Harvard University, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, the University of California at Berkeley, the University of Pennsylvania, and New York University (King Juan Carlos I Chair). From 2003 until 2013, he was member of the Economic Advisory Group on Competition Policy at the European Commission. His current research interests include dynamic rivalry, innovation and competition, banking crisis and regulation, information and financial markets, and competition policy. Further details are available here: https://www.iese.edu/faculty-research/faculty/xavier-vives/.
Elena Carletti is Professor of Finance at Bocconi University and Scientific Director of the Florence School of Banking and Finance at the European University Institute. She is also a member of Board of Directors of Unicredit SpA and a member of the Advisory Scientific Committee of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB). Furthermore, she is research professor at the Bundesbank, a member of the Expert Panel on banking supervision for the European Parliament, a member of the Scientific Committee “Paolo Baffi Lecture” at the Bank of Italy, a member of Bruegel Scientific Committee, Research Fellow at CEPR, Fellow of the Finance Theory Group, CESifo, IGIER, and Wharton Financial Institutions Center. Ms Carletti was Professor of Economics at the European University Institute from 2008 to 2013, holding a joint chair in the Economics Department and the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies. Prior to that, she was Associate Professor at Goethe University in Frankfurt and Assistant Professor at the University of Mannheim. Among other appointments, she has worked as consultant for the OECD and the World Bank, has served in the review panel of the Irish Central Bank and of the Riskbank and has been a board member of the Financial Intermediation Research Society and of the Fondazione della Cassa di Risparmio di La Spezia. Ms Carletti graduated from Bocconi University and received her Ph.D. in Economics from the London School of Economics and her Habilitation in Economics from Mannheim University. She is the author of numerous articles on Financial Intermediation, Financial Crises and Regulation, Competition Policy, Corporate Governance and Sovereign Debt.
Stijn Claessens represents the BIS externally in senior groups, including the Financial Stability Board, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and the G20. Within the BIS, he leads policy-based analyses of financial sector issues and oversees the work of the Committee on the Global Financial System and other committee secretariats. Between 1987 and 2006, he worked at the World Bank in various positions. From 2007 to 2014, he was Assistant Director in the Research Department of the International Monetary Fund. From 2015 to early 2017, he was Senior Adviser in the Division of International Finance of the Federal Reserve Board. He holds a PhD in business economics from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and a master’s degree from Erasmus University, Rotterdam. He taught at the New York University business school and the University of Amsterdam. Mr Claessens is author of numerous publications in the fields of finance, international finance and international capital flows and further details are available here: https://www.bis.org/author/stijn_claessens.htm.
Antonio Fatás is the Portuguese Council Chaired Professor of Economics at INSEAD, a Senior Policy Scholar at the Center for Business and Public Policy at the McDonough School of Business (Georgetown University, Washington DC), a Research Fellow at the CEPR (London) and a Senior Fellow at ABFER (Singapore). He received a Masters and Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University. He has worked as an external consultant for the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the Board of Governors of the US Federal Reserve, the European Parliament, the OECD, and the UK government. His research interests are in the area of macroeconomics. His work explores the causes and shape of business cycles, the determinants of long-term growth and the impact that economic policies (monetary and fiscal) have on economic outcomes. His current interest also include the understanding of how new technologies are changing the way we think about money and the financial sector. He is currently the lead researcher of the CEPR Policy and Research Network on Fintech and Digital Currencies.