Course dates: 02-20 November 2020
Course Directors: Seraina Grünewald (Radboud University Nijmegen); Emiliano Tornese (European Commission); Tobias Tröger (Goethe University, Frankfurt)
Guest Speaker: Sebastiano Laviola (Single Resolution Board)
Course Instructors: Colm Brady, Paul Disveld (ECB Banking Supervision); Mario Delgado Alfaro (Ernst & Young), Anna Gardella (European Banking Authority), Lidja Schiavo (European Banking Authority), Katerina Theodossiou (Bank of Greece), More experts from private and public sector tba.
Area: Regulation, Supervision and Resolution
Target: EU Officials (ECB, SSM, SRB, ESRB, EBA, ESM), National Supervisory Authorities, financial stability and research department of Central Banks, Ph.D. students, financial institutions in the private sector, law firms.More information
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Course dates: 02-06 November 2020
Course Instructors:José-Luis Peydró (Universitat Pompeu Fabra, CREI and Barcelona GSE); Carlo Altavilla (European Central Bank)
Area: Financial Stability and Macroprudential policy
Target: EU Officials (ECB, SSM, SRB, ESRB, EBA, ESM), National Supervisory Authorities, Financial stability and research department of Central Banks, Ph.D. students, research department of private banks
In order to help the recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic, the European Commission proposed urgent amendments to the securitisation regulatory framework ahead of the review initially planned for 2022 with a view to supporting banks maintain their capacity to finance the real economy. In particular, a specific STS (‘Simple, Transparent, Standard) framework for on-balance-sheet synthetic securitisation features among the changes under discussion by co-legislators. The threefold dimension of STS securitisation, supposed to encourage the development of the securities market while allowing for a more risk-sensitive capital treatment, and soon to be extended to synthetic securitisation, has yet to deliver its full potential. As of now, transaction numbers remain rather low although one can observe a slight increase of notifications of STS securitisations to the European Securities and Markets Authorities (ESMA) over the last months (from 184 in March 2020 to 396 early November). In this context this online debate will:
- Ask whether current regulatory requirements are a barrier or an incentive for market actors;
- Discuss how to favour securitisations development and ultimately reach a single market for securitisations in Europe;
- Explore the nature of the key underlying exposures in the STS securities market;
- Reflect on the usefulness of the current regime for securitising both SME loans and Non-Performing Loans;
- Review the implications of COVID-19 on securitisation in light of the new legislative proposals.
Chair and ModeratorJean-Jacques van Helten (Florence School of Banking and Finance, European University Institute)
Jean-Jacques van Helten is a Visiting Fellow at Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies & the Florence School of Banking and Finance, part of the European University Institute. He is formerly a Managing Director & Chief Risk Officer, EMEA for the Bank of Montreal (BMO) Financial Group and more recently Non-executive member of the Board of BMO Europe. He has worked in a range of senior executive risk and capital markets business roles in major investment banks in Europe, Australia, Asia and the UK where he has been responsible for market, liquidity & operational risks and credit risk analytics. Jean Jacques has also directed Bank recovery and resolution planning, enterprise risk management as well as the implementation of ICAAP and ILAAP and liquidity risk management process and procedures including liquidity stress testing. Jean Jacques completed his undergraduate and Master degrees along with his PhD in economics/economic history at the University of London, studied at the Goethe Universität, Frankfurt and Freie Universität, Berlin and has held academic research positions at La Trobe University and the University of London.
SpeakersPatrizia Canziani, (Structured Finance Professional)
Patrizia Canziani is a finance professional with more than twenty years’ experience in capital markets, credit and structured finance at JPMorgan, Deutsche Bank, Merrill Lynch, Nomura and MUFG. Mrs. Canziani is Non-Executive Director and member of the Risk and related parties committee for listed company Sogefi, a world leader in design and manufacturing of car components. Experienced in sustainability, she holds a certificate in Sustainable Finance from Oxford University, Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment. She is also a financial crime risk consultant and bank monitor. Mrs. Canziani holds a a PhD in Economics from MIT and 14 internationally refereed publications in labour-macroeconomics, pension sustainability and fiscal rules.
Bertrand Chavasse (BNP Paribas)
Bertrand Chavasse is a finance professional with more than twenty years’ experience in risk management, credit and structured finance at BNP Paribas, Natixis and CDC Ixis Capital Market. His main areas of expertise are in the field of banking prudential regulation (Basel II, III and IV) as well as on securitisation, with a particular focus on risk transfer securitisations.
Bart Joosen (VU Amsterdam)
Bart P.M. Joosen is trained as civil law lawyer at Tilburg University, the Netherlands. He obtained his (equivalent to) LL.M degree in 1987. After completion of his academic study he was appointed as lecturer in the law faculty of Tilburg University in 1987. He successfully defended his dissertation on “Transfer of undertakings in bankruptcy” at Tilburg University and was promoted to doctor in law science (PhD) in 1998. He works since 1992 in private practice particularly for financial market clients. His main areas of expertise are in the field of financial services supervision with a focus on micro-prudential supervision of banks (including in-depth Basel II/Basel III and Solvency II knowledge), insurance companies and investment firms and payment services. Besides working in private practice, he is an extraordinary professor Financial Supervision Law at the VU University in Amsterdam.
Pablo Portugal (Association for Financial Markets in Europe – AFME)
Pablo is a Managing Director in AFME’s Advocacy and Public Policy Division. His main focus is analysis and engagement across Europe on financial services policy and regulatory development. Pablo is responsible for AFME’s work on the Capital Markets Union project and advocacy in various debates covering securities markets, as well as leading cross-cutting projects. Prior to joining AFME, he was engaged with the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales, where he worked on financial reporting, auditing and financial sector issues. His experience includes roles in European organisations and the United Nations. Born in Peru, he holds a BSc Econ (first class) from the University of Wales, Aberystwyth, and a Masters Degree (with distinction) from the London School of Economics. Pablo is a member of the board of the European Capital Markets Institute.
Technical disclaimerThe online seminar will take place on Zoom. Registered participants will receive the credentials to join the event at 10:00 AM (CET) on 25 November 2020. You can access the seminars from personal computers, laptops, tablets and smartphones. To ensure an optimal experience in terms of connection speed and video quality, we suggest to attend the seminar via a device connected to a stable network connection, avoiding if possible shared wi-fi or mobile connections.
The Single Resolution Board and the Florence School of Banking and Finance (European University Institute) organised an interdisciplinary Academic Event on ‘Bank resolution in times of COVID-19’. The event took place on Friday, 27 November 2020 (09.15-12.45) in an online format.
The COVID-19 pandemic is challenging the European Union and the principles and instruments of its recently established Banking Union. Fortunately, great strides have been made towards financial stability in the last 12 years. European policymakers have created and shaped a de facto macroeconomic financial stability objective, in which the resolution pillar plays an important role. Financial stability and bank resolution are currently striding along the road, and their relationship remains debated. Some have argued that bank resolution fosters financial stability, by preventing unexpected and disorderly bank exits from the sector. Others have contended that the potential enforcement of some resolution tools, such as bail-in, may represent a risk for the stability of the system.
During its four years of existence and well before the COVID-19 emergency, some building blocks of the crisis management framework have been challenged. It has been argued that the consistency of the resolution regime with other instruments, such as the European Stability Mechanism facilities, and with national legal orders (e.g. domestic insolvency regimes, safeguard of creditor’s property rights, national central bank resources) could be further improved, also to ensure more legal certainty. The firepower of the Single Resolution Fund depends also on the introduction of the Common Backstop, potentially provided by the European Stability Mechanism.
Will this step contribute to the prevention of financial instability?
Will the design of the resolution framework prevent a second wave of bank bail-out in the European Union in the COVID-19 context?
To what extent can the stability of the European banking sector be maintained while minimising the use of public funds in the banking sector?
Against this background, the aim of the event is to bring together leading scholars and policy-makers in order to discuss economic, financial, legal, political and public policy topics located at the intersection between financial stability and bank resolution and in the context of COVID-19.
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AgendaFriday, 27 November 2020 (09.15-12.45)
09.15 – 09.20 | Welcome and Introduction
Bart P.M. Joosen (Professor of Financial Law, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)
09.20 – 10.40 | Session 1
Chaired by Sebastiano Laviola (Board Member and Director of Strategy and Policy Coordination, Single Resolution Board)
09.20 – 10.00 | “A Proposal for a temporarily amended version of Precautionary Recapitalisation under the Single Resolution Mechanism Regulation involving the European Stability
Christos Gortsos (Professor of Public Economic Law, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens), Michele Siri (Professor of Commercial Law, University of Genoa), Marco Bodellini (Associate Lecturer in Banking and Financial Law, Queen Mary University of London)
Discussant: Emiliano Tornese (Deputy Head of the Resolution and Crisis Management Unit in the European Commission, DG FISMA)
10.00 – 10.40 | “Deposit guarantee schemes and bank crisis management: legal challenges arising from the actual EU legal framework”
Irene Mecatti (Adjunct Professor of Business and European Banking Law, University of Siena)
Discussant: Seraina Grünewald (Professor of European and Comparative Financial Law, Radboud University Nijmegen)
10.40 – 10.45 | break
10.45 – 11.15 | Keynote Speech by Jan Reinder De Carpentier (Vice Chair of the Single Resolution Board)
Chaired and Moderated by Elena Carletti (Professor of Finance, Bocconi University)
11.15 – 12.40 | Session 2
Chaired by Tobias Tröger (Professor of Private Law, Commercial and Business Law, and Jurisprudence at the Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main)
11.15 – 11.55 | “Removing the regulatory barriers to cross-border banking. Regulatory initiatives to foster banking integration and financial stability in the Banking Union”
Nikos Maragopoulos (Associate Researcher, European Banking Institute)
Discussant: Nicola Costa (Senior Bank Recovery and Resolution Expert, Single Resolution Board)
11.55 – 12.35 | “Banking System in Time of Covid-19: a reverse Analysis on Loss Absorption Capacity, Lending to the Economy and Market Valuation”
Antonio Dicanio (Seconded National Expert, Single Resolution Board), Giuseppe Montesi (Adjunct Professor, School of Economics and Management, University of Siena)
Discussant: Thorsten Beck (Professor of Banking & Finance, CASS Business School)
12.35 – 12.45 | Concluding Remarks
by Boštjan Jazbec (Board Member and Director of Resolution Planning and Decisions, Single Resolution Board)
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Board members have significant responsibilities in their role. Their ability to challenge effectively and constructively the management is essential. Ensuring sound governance is at the core of banking supervision priorities, although it may be an overlooked feature of post-financial crisis regulatory and supervisory reforms. Bank supervisors constantly scrutinize and assess the adequacy and effectiveness of checks and balances in banks’ internal governance. The latter is a crucial element of the Supervisory Review and Evaluation Process – SREP in ECB Banking Supervision – that covers the board functioning. Recently, the oversight of bank boards on strategic decisions has been deemed insufficient in some risk areas, such as credit risk, capital planning, and conduct risks (exacerbated in the current pandemic crisis) according to recent ECB’s publication. In this context, this online debate will:
- Identify current supervisory expectations towards bank boards in ensuring banks’ good governance and resilience, and explore targeted SSM supervisory measures and SREP requirements to strengthen corporate governance;
- Reflect on the bank boards’ involvement in challenging the bank’s executives;
- Discuss the segregation of bank board oversight and management;
- Consider the implications of COVID-19 on supervisory expectations and bank boards.
SpeakerElizabeth McCaul (Supervisory Board member, European Central Bank)
Elizabeth McCaul is a Member of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank. Her areas of interest include supervisory strategy, risk, capital, internal governance, and consistency and quality across the SSM. She focuses on prudential implications in dynamic areas such as financial stability, climate change, FinTech and AML. She joined the NY State Banking Department as First Deputy in 1995 and served as NY Superintendent of Banks from 1997-2003. She was elected Chair of the Conference of State Bank Supervisors, served as a Member of the Federal Financial Institutions Examinations Council, on the Joint Forum for Financial Conglomerates, and as an Instructor for Financial Stability Institute at the BIS. Before joining the ECB, she worked for Promontory Financial Group where she founded the New York office and served as the Partner-in-Charge, as CEO and Chair of Europe, and Global Head of Strategy. For the first decade of her career she was an investment banker at Goldman Sachs.
CommentatorLorenzo Bini Smaghi (Chairman, Société Générale)
Lorenzo Bini Smaghi started his career in 1983 as an Economist in the Research Department of the Banca d’Italia. He moved in 1994 to the European Monetary Institute, to head the Policy Division, preparing for the creation of the ECB. In 1998 he was appointed Director General for International Affairs in the Italian Treasury. From June 2005 to December 2011 he was a Member of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank. Over the last 20 years he held the positions of Chairman of Italgas, SNAM and SACE, and member of the Board of Finmeccanica, MTS, the European Investment Bank and Morgan Stanley International. He has been Visiting Scholar at Harvard’s Weatherhead Center for International Affairs and the first Chairman of Fondazione Palazzo Strozzi, a cultural institution in Florence. He has been appointed CEPR Distinguished Fellow, Senior Fellow at LUISS School of European Political Economy in Rome, and President of the Italian Alumni of the University of Chicago. He is a member of the World Economic Forum’s Community of Chairmen, and independent member of the Board of Tages Holding. He holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Economics from the Université Catholique de Louvain (Belgium), a Master’s degree from the University of Southern California and a Ph.D in Economics from the University of Chicago. He is author of several articles and books on international and European monetary and financial issues (available at www.lorenzobinismaghi.com), in particular “Austerity: European Democracies against the Wall” (CEPS, July 2013), “33 false verità sull’Europa” (Il Mulino, April 2014) and “La tentazione di andarsene: fuori dall’Europa c’è un futuro per l’Italia?” (Il Mulino, May 2017).
This online seminar launches the new Challenges for Bank Board Members series, which aims at building a community of professionals from the banking and finance industry interested in deepening their knowledge on bank board’s functioning and learning how to challenge bank management effectively. Seminar speakers will include an international faculty of regulators, supervisors, and academics together with bank and finance professionals. The Challenges for Bank Board Members series is part of the new FBF Bank Board Academy for Non-Executive Directors.
Effective internal and external oversight structures are essential to ensure good governance of financial institutions and a sustainable business model. Executive management is responsible for implementing these structures, and supervisory boards should assess whether they appear reasonably designed and effective. Under a comprehensive approach, the business areas serve as the first line of defense and determine risk appetite; control functions in risk management and compliance serve as a second line of defense to monitor, manage, and mitigate manifold types of risks, from cyber to fraud; and internal audit reviews as a third line of defence. Additional oversight may be provided by external auditors, and within regulated industry sectors including financial services, by governmental supervisory authorities. Ensuring appropriate governance, control and oversight structures becomes even more important within corporate groups operating on a cross-border basis.
The payment services provider Wirecard grew rapidly and in late 2018 reached a market capitalization of €24 billion, yet it had been the subject of speculation over accounting irregularities and allegations of money laundering. In June 2020, the FinTech company Wirecard was reported to have €1,9 billion cash missing, and within the first day of his joining the company, Mr Freis unveiled massive internal fraud. The fraud scandal has called into question the roles of stakeholders within and outside the institution. In its corporate governance, Wirecard did not have any audit or nomination committee in the period 2015-2019 and a comparatively undersized Supervisory Board checking on the executive management. This case generally sheds light on the needs for strengthening both structures and the individuals involved in supervision and audit of financial institutions in Europe.
In this context, this online debate will:
- Reflect upon broader Wirecard lessons for Boards and Banks in having an efficient corporate governance framework with effective control functions
- Discuss financial reporting and auditing deficiencies and inefficiencies, legal and procedural impediments in supervising and enforcing financial information
- Consider alternatives for the overall supervisory system (from whistleblowing mechanisms to the supervisory architecture in Europe)
SpeakerJames H. Freis, Jr. (Former CEO, Wirecard) James H. Freis, Jr. has pursued a career dedicated to promoting the integrity of the global financial markets. From 2014 through 2020 he was Managing Director, Chief Compliance Officer, and Group Anti-Money Laundering Officer for the Deutsche Börse Group in Frankfurt, Germany, responsible for overseeing regulatory requirements and engaging with financial supervisors for Group entities on a global basis for this provider of financial market infrastructures. From 2007 to 2012, Mr. Freis was Director (CEO) of the United States Treasury Department’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN), the lead U.S. Government official for anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing requirements, and head of the country’s financial intelligence unit (FIU). His career as an attorney began at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, followed by seven years in Basel, Switzerland at the Bank for International Settlements (BIS). Mr Freis is a graduate of Georgetown University, earned his Juris Doctor from Harvard University, and is a Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) charterholder. Most recently, he was asked to join Wirecard in June 2020 to professionalize the company and oversee its global regulated businesses in a newly created management board role responsible for “Integrity, Legal & Compliance”. Within his first day, he exposed internal fraud, was promoted to CEO, and then initiated a global restructuring.
This second online seminar takes place in the framework of the Challenges for Bank Board Members series, which aims at building a community of professionals from the banking and finance industry interested in deepening their knowledge about bank boards’ functioning and learning how to challenge bank management effectively. Seminar speakers will include an international faculty of regulators, supervisors, and academics together with bank and finance professionals. The Challenges for Bank Board Members series is part of the new FBF Bank Board Academy for Non-Executive Directors.
Course dates: 11 January – 07 February 2021
Estimated time required from participants: 20 hours
Course Director: Bart Joosen (VU University Amsterdam and Recofise)
Course Instructors: Anna Bak (Association for Financial Markets in Europe – AFME); Simon Broxham (Duver Consulting); Patrizia Canziani (Structured Finance Professional); Jean-Jacques Van Helten (European University Institute, Florence School of Banking and Finance); Giovanni Inglisa (European Investment Fund); Mira Larimben, Carlos Echave (European Banking Authority)
Guest Contributors: Adrien Amzallag, Eduardo-Javier Moral-Prieto, (European Securities and Markets Authority – ESMA), Javier Antón San Pablo (Santander Consumer Finance), Marcel Haag (European Commission DG FISMA), Giovanni Inglisa (European Investment Fund)
The FBF team: Christy Petit (Course advisor); Pierre Schlosser (Course advisor); Jan Trevisan (Course designer);
Area: Regulation, Supervision and Resolution
Target: Financial Regulators and Supervisors; Members from Central Banks and Institutions (EU, intergovernmental, national goverments); Academic researchers; Personnel in private banks and law firms.
The Covid-19 crisis has brought credit risk back to the attention of regulators, supervisors and banks. On the one hand, policymakers are requiring banks to prepare themselves for a future increase in Non-Performing-Loans (NPL) by setting aside enough loan loss provisions, also in light of the recently adopted IFSR 9 accounting rules. On the other hand, the existence of public moratoria and the prevailing uncertainty on the evolution of the pandemic make it more difficult for banks to assess borrowers’ creditworthiness and build stable and reliable macroeconomic forecasts. Banks are thus required to adjust their credit risk models and build new IT and data infrastructure to manage the current situation. On this background, bank supervisors have provided additional guidance on credit risk identification and measurement in the context of the pandemic, and are requiring boards to engage tightly with the management on the matter, thus discussing provisioning policies and NPE management strategies in details. In this context, this online debate will:
- Assess the credit risk situation in the banking sector
- Take stock of the regulatory and supervisory actions concerning credit risk management in the context of the pandemic
- Reflect upon banks’ operating models and strategies to ensure credit risk monitoring and management after Covid
- Discuss the implications for the role of the NED in the management of credit risk by the management
ChairThorsten Beck (Cass Business School and Florence School of Banking and Finance, European University Institute)
Thorsten Beck is currently professor of banking and finance at The Business School (formerly Cass) in London. He is also a research fellow of the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) and the CESifo. He was professor of economics from 2008 to 2014 at Tilburg University and the founding chair of the European Banking Center there from 2008 to 2013. Previously he worked many years in the research department of the World Bank and has also worked as consultant for – among others – the European Central Bank, the Bank of England, the BIS, the IMF, the European Commission, and the German Development Corporation. He is also a member of the Advisory Scientific Council of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB) and is co-editor of the Journal of Banking and Finance. His research, academic publications and operational work have focused on two major questions: What is the relationship between finance and economic development? What policies are needed to build a sound and effective financial system? Recently, he has concentrated on access to financial services, including SME finance, as well as on the design of regulatory and bank resolution frameworks. In addition to numerous academic publications in leading economics and finance journals, he has co-authored several policy reports on access to finance, financial systems in Africa and cross-border banking. His country experience, both in operational and research work, includes Albania, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico, Peru, Russia and several countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. In addition to presentation at numerous academic conferences, including several keynote addresses, he is invited regularly to policy panels across Europe. He holds a PhD from the University of Virginia and an MA from the University of Tübingen in Germany.
SpeakersJosé Manuel Campa (Chairperson, European Banking Authority)
José Manuel Campa is the current chairperson of the European Banking Authority. After studying law and economics at the University of Oviedo and earning his PhD in economics from Harvard University, Mr. Campa taught finance at New York University and the IESE Business School and consulted for a number of international organisations including the World Bank, the IMF, the Bank for International Settlements and the European Commission. He then served as the 10th Secretary of State for Economy of the Spanish government and was most recently Director of Regulatory affairs of the Santander Bank.
Klara Jandova (Partner, Oliver Wyman)
Klara Jandova is Partner in the Financial Services – Finance and Risk practice of Oliver Wyman based in Milan. She regularly advises leading financial institutions and supervisory authorities in Europe on credit risk management. In her work she focuses in particular on: credit strategy and risk appetite, credit process redesign, credit risk measurement and model development, asset quality reviews, credit loss forecasting and stress-testing.
Francesca Tondi Guy (Non Executive Director, UniCredit group)
Francesca Tondi Guy is Board Member of UniCredit Group, sitting on the Internal Risk and Control Committee and the Governance, Nomination and ESG Committee. Francesca previously had a 25-year career in Financial services, most recently as Managing Director and co-manager of the European Equity Banks Research at Morgan Stanley and previously in a similar role at JPMorgan. She has worked at Fitch, focusing on Credit rating of European Banks, and at KPMG, auditing banks. In her career she has focused and written extensively on bank asset quality issues and provisioning and on bank deleveraging, especially following the Great Financial Crisis.
This third online seminar takes place in the framework of the Challenges for Bank Board Members series, which aims at building a community of professionals from the banking and finance industry interested in deepening their knowledge about bank boards’ functioning and learning how to challenge bank management effectively. Seminar speakers include an international faculty of regulators, supervisors, and academics together with bank and finance professionals. The Challenges for Bank Board Members series is part of the new FBF Bank Board Academy for Non-Executive Directors.
Watch the recording of the event
Most recent reports show growing volumes of alternative credit: fintech credit provided by non-bank digital platforms, and big tech credit provided by large technology companies, independently or in partnership with traditional financial institutions. According to a report by the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), the ‘total alternative credit’ reached USD 795 billion globally in 2019.The expansion of alternative credit has been further accelerated by the Covid-19 pandemic, with more people using financial services and shopping online. As the drastic growth of fintech and big tech credit continues in Asia, Africa and Latin America, should European policy-makers facilitate this innovation-driven change?
The growth of alternative credit is primarily demand-driven, including lower costs compared to traditional banking, ease of use, speed and convenience of fintech and big tech credit. Supply-side factors, in turn, are linked with the stringency of banking regulation, which can create barriers for fintech and big tech credit, but also ease of doing business, and the degree of development of bond and equity markets. Despite the promise of consumer benefits, rapid growth of credit bears the risk of over-indebtedness for individual borrowers and may present risks for financial stability.
The debate will focus on the risks and benefits of fintech and big tech credit from the European perspective.
The following questions will be addressed:
- Is alternative credit an opportunity or a concern for the European financial sector?
– Consumer perspective (e.g. choice, consumer protection, privacy)
– Business perspective (e.g. competition, financial stability)
- Does the regulatory framework that regulates alternative credit:
– set barriers for the growth of alternative credit (innovation in finance more broadly)?
– overlook any risks (to consumer protection, financial stability, competitive process)?
Chair and ModeratorThorsten Beck (Cass Business School and Florence School of Banking and Finance, European University Institute) Thorsten Beck is currently professor of banking and finance at The Business School (formerly Cass) in London. He is also a research fellow of the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) and the CESifo. He was professor of economics from 2008 to 2014 at Tilburg University and the founding chair of the European Banking Center there from 2008 to 2013. Previously he worked many years in the research department of the World Bank and has also worked as consultant for – among others – the European Central Bank, the Bank of England, the BIS, the IMF, the European Commission, and the German Development Corporation. He is also a member of the Advisory Scientific Council of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB) and is co-editor of the Journal of Banking and Finance. His research, academic publications and operational work have focused on two major questions: What is the relationship between finance and economic development? What policies are needed to build a sound and effective financial system? Recently, he has concentrated on access to financial services, including SME finance, as well as on the design of regulatory and bank resolution frameworks. In addition to numerous academic publications in leading economics and finance journals, he has co-authored several policy reports on access to finance, financial systems in Africa and cross-border banking. His country experience, both in operational and research work, includes Albania, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico, Peru, Russia and several countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. In addition to presentation at numerous academic conferences, including several keynote addresses, he is invited regularly to policy panels across Europe. He holds a PhD from the University of Virginia and an MA from the University of Tübingen in Germany.
SpeakersJon Frost (Bank for International Settlements) Jon Frost conducts policy-oriented research on fintech and digital innovation. He has written on fintech credit, big tech in finance, and technology and inequality. Previously, Jon worked at the Financial Stability Board, Netherlands Bank, VU University in Amsterdam, and in the private sector in Germany. Jon holds a PhD in economics from the University of Groningen. He is a research affiliate of the Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance at the University of Cambridge. Philippe Paech (London School of Economics) Philippe Paech is an Associate Professor of Financial Law and Regulation at LSE. He joined LSE in 2010 and is now the Director of LSE’s Law and Financial Markets Project. Since 2007, he has been a Fellow at the Institute for Law and Finance at the University of Frankfurt, becoming a Visiting Professor in 2015. Before joining the LSE, he spent many years at the heart of international legal and regulatory reform of the financial sector, working from 2007-2010 for the European Commission DG FISMA, and from 2002-2006 for UNIDROIT in Rome. Philipp holds a doctorate from the University of Bonn and obtained the Diploma of EU Studies from the University of Toulouse. He is a qualified lawyer admitted to the Bar of Frankfurt and a CEDR-accredited mediator in the UK. He has been awarded LSE’s Excellence in Education Award 2017-18. His research spans the whole spectrum of financial law and regulation, including technology-enabled innovation. Philipp is the Chairman of the EU Commission’s Expert Group on Regulatory Obstacles to Financial Innovation (ROFI-Group) and the lead author of ’30 Recommendations on Regulation, Innovation and Finance’, published by the EU Commission in December 2019. Loriana Pelizzon (SAFE/Goethe University) Loriana Pelizzon is the Program Director of the Research Centre SAFE Systemic Risk Lab and SAFE Full Professor at Goethe University Frankfurt, Chair of Law and Finance. She is also part-time Full Professor of Economics at the Ca’ Foscari University of Venice and Research Affiliate at MIT Sloan. She was recently Visiting Associate Professor at MIT Sloan and NYU Stern. Her research interests are on risk measurement and management, asset allocation and household portfolios, hedge funds, financial institutions, systemic risk and financial crisis. Loriana is a member of the ESRB Advisory Board, a member of an expert panel on banking supervision for the European Parliament and an external expert for the EU commission on digital currency and blockchain technology. Furthermore, she has been involved in NBER and FDIC projects as well as in EU, Europlace, Eurofidai and Inquire Europe projects. Her publications include: “Sovereign Credit Risk, Liquidity and ECB Intervention: Deux ex Machina?, (Journal of Financial Economics) with M. Subrahmanyam, J. Uno and D. Tomio, “Mutual Excitation in Eurozone Sovereign CDS” (Journal of Econometrics) with Y. Ait-Sahalia and R. Laeven and “Econometric Measures of Systemic Risk in Finance and Insurance sectors” (Journal of Financial Economics), with M. Billio, M. Getmansky and A. Lo.
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A conversation with Edouard Fernandez-Bollo, ECB Representative in the Supervisory Board.
One key aspect in bank governance concerns the composition and functioning of the Board of Directors. It is the bank’s primary responsibility to ensure that members of the management bodies are suitable when appointed and throughout their tenure. The suitability of members of the management bodies of the banks is assessed by supervisors through so-called “Fit and Proper” (FAP) assessment. Members of the board have not only to be suitable individually but also collectively, and cover specific knowledge, skills, and a broad range of experience to perform their responsibilities and duties. For that purpose, credit institutions have to put in place policies promoting diversity on the management body. Supervisors check diverse criteria: experience, reputation, conflicts of interest and independence of mind, time commitment, and collective suitability. Supervisory authorities lead a case-by-case and proportionate approach that takes into account national, distinctive features of banks and of each role within management bodies and the aim to ensure a level playing field, notwithstanding the difficulties stemming from the different implementation into national law of EU standards.
In this context, this online debate will ask:
- With now a few years of experience, how effective is the FAP framework to ensure sound governance, adequate risk-taking, and accountability of the management body towards the Board? Where are we as regards the promotion of diversity? Has the implementation of FAP requirements improved across the SSM countries?
- What is the role of non-executive directors in the banking governance and how do you see they can contribute and influence a sound risk taking and the banks overall corporate culture?
- Going forward,
- Is there a need to scale FAP up in order to improve further the selection of board members? If so, what work could be developed with and by the banks in this respect and should be the main criteria (e.g., reputation, diversity) that should be taken into account by banks and supervisors?
- Is there a need for better harmonisation across the SSM? If yes, on which specific areas?
The SSM seeks to engage in a conversation with non-executive directors to better gauge their experience and main challenges.
Elena Carletti (Bocconi University) Elena Carletti is Professor of Finance at Bocconi University. She is also founding director of the Florence School of Banking and Finance Florence School of Banking and Finance at the European University Institute, is a member of Board of Directors of Unicredit SpA and a member of the Advisory Scientific Committee of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB). Furthermore, she is research professor at the Bundesbank, a member of the Expert Panel on banking supervision for the European Parliament, a member of the Scientific Committee “Paolo Baffi Lecture” at the Bank of Italy, a member of Bruegel Scientific Committee, Research Fellow at CEPR, Fellow of the Finance Theory Group, CESifo, IGIER, and Wharton Financial Institutions Center. She is the author of numerous articles on Financial Intermediation, Financial Crises and Regulation, Competition Policy, Corporate Governance and Sovereign Debt.
Edouard Fernandez-Bollo (Member of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank) Following post-graduate studies at the École normale supérieure de Saint-Cloud in the humanities and social sciences section, and after acquiring experience in several branches of the French civil service, Edouard Fernandez-Bollo joined the Banque de France in 1988. There, he held various positions related to banking regulation and licensing, European harmonisation and banking resolution issues. Mr Fernandez-Bollo became General Counsel of the Commission Bancaire, the French supervisory authority, in 2004 and Deputy Secretary General in 2008. He was Chair of the Basel Committee’s expert group on anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism from 2007 to 2020. From 2010 to 2013 he was Deputy Secretary General of the new Autorité de contrôle prudentiel et de résolution (ACPR), the integrated French prudential supervisor, and from 2014 to August 2019 he was Secretary General of the ACPR, member of the Management Board of the European Banking Authority and member of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision. Edouard Fernandez-Bollo began his five-year term as Member of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank in September 2019.
Laragh Cassar (Non-Executive Director, APS Bank Malta) Dr. Cassar was appointed to the Board in April 2016. Throughout her career, Dr. Cassar has gained vast experience in many areas of practice including banking, investment services, asset management, capital markets and corporate law restructuring. Having joined Camilleri Preziosi as an associate in 2003, she was subsequently a partner of this firm between 2009 and 2015. She then founded the firm ‘Camilleri Cassar Advocates’. Dr. Cassar obtained a degree in law from the University of Malta in 2002 and a Master of Law in Banking and Finance from the University of London in 2003. She also holds the role of non-executive director on the board of Hili Properties p.l.c. and the role of non-executive director and company secretary on the Board of Medserv p.l.c..
Hans-Helmut Kotz (Non-Executive Member of the Board of Caixa Geral de Depósitos, Lisbon and Resident Fellow at Center for European Studies, Harvard) Prof. Hans-Helmut Kotz is a Senior Fellow of the Center for Financial Studies and of the SAFE Policy Center, Goethe University, Frankfurt. He is also a Resident Fellow at Harvard’s Center for European Studies (since fall 2010) as well as a Visiting Professor in the Economics Department. (In fall 2015, he received the Derek Bok Center’s Excellence in Teaching Award.) He is also on Freiburg University’s Economics Faculty, where he was given the University Teaching Award in 2010. Moreover, he is a Senior Advisor to McKinsey & Co. (since 2011) and Academic Advisor to the McKinsey Global Institute (since 2016) and a Non-Executive Member of the Board of Caixa Geral de Depósitos, Lisbon (since 2017). Between 2013 and 2018, he was on the Supervisory Board of Eurex Clearing AG, Frankfurt/Zurich. Prior to joining CFS, Prof Kotz was a Member of the Executive Board of Deutsche Bundesbank (between 2002 and 2010), finally in charge of Financial Stability, Markets and Statistics. He was also a member of a number of committees of the Bank for International Settlements, the Financial Stability Board as well as the OECD, where he was chair of the Financial Markets Committee. In addition, he served as the German Central Bank Deputy for the G7/G8 and the G20 process.
This fourth online seminar takes place in the framework of the Challenges for Bank Board Members series, which aims at building a community of professionals from the banking and finance industry interested in deepening their knowledge about bank boards’ functioning and learning how to challenge bank management effectively. Seminar speakers include an international faculty of regulators, supervisors, and academics together with bank and finance professionals. The Challenges for Bank Board Members series is part of the new FBF Bank Board Academy for Non-Executive Directors.
FBF Bank Board Academy Brochure
the details and fees of
FBF Bank Board Academy
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